Wednesday, May 23, 2007

Gmat Sentence Correction - 109 , 110, 111, 112

109). A wildlife expert predicts that the reintroduction of the caribou into northern Minnesota would fail if the density of the timber wolf population in that region is more numerous than one wolf for every 39 square miles.

(A) would fail if the density of the timber wolf population in that region is more numerous than

(B) would fail provided the density of the timber wolf population in that region is more than

(C) should fail if the timber wolf density in that region was greater than

(D) will fail if the density of the timber wolf population in that region is greater than

(E) will fail if the timber wolf density in that region were more numerous than

110). According to a panel of health officials, there has been a great deal of confusion in the medical profession about whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition more related to appearance than to health.

(A) about whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition more related to appearance than to

(B) with respect to obesity being a biological disorder posing serious health risks or if it is related more to appearance than

(C) over whether or not obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or it is a condition more related to appearance than to

(D) about obesity and if it is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition related to appearance more than to

(E) concerning whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or it is a condition related to appearance more than

111). According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations

(B) as that for earlier generations

(C) just as earlier generations did

(D) as have earlier generations

(E) as it was of earlier generations

112). According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women in state legislatures has grown in every election since 1968.

(A) the number of women in state legislatures has grown

(B) the number of women who are in state legislatures have grown

(C) there has been growth in the number of women in state legislatures

(D) a growing number of women have been in state legislatures

(E) women have been growing in number in state legislatures


Answers:

109). OA - D - "would" is in general used for hypothetical or probable situations (in past). For definite prediction we should use "will".

A, B - incorrect - use of would

C - incorrect -for prediction, would/will is more appropriate - should is wrong here.

A, E - incorrect - density is a measure, it cannot be numerous. Further more numerous is unidiomatic.

110). OA - A

B - incorrect - use of being must be avoided

C - incorrect - whether or not is redundant

D - incorrect - use of if wrong here - if is used for condition

E - incorrect - more should be placed before related

111). OA - E - right comparison - According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations

is still a goal of a majority....as it was [the goal] of earlier generations

A, B - incorrect - ambiguous that. Further lack a verb corresponding to is.

C - incorrect - use of did (verb) incorrect - did cannot correspond to is(verb)

D - incorrect - use of have (verb) incorrect - have cannot correspond to is(verb)

112). OA - A - the number...has grown

B - incorrect - the number (singular)....have grown (plural)

C - incorrect - wordy - there has

D - incorrect - 'have been' wrong tense - we need present perfect rather than past perfect progressive

E - incorrect - distorts the meaning

Gmat Sentence Correction - 105 , 106, 107, 108

105). A shy, religious-minded publisher who had married a duke’s daughter, Harold Macmillan’s rise to the position of Prime Minister in 1957 surprised many, though Churchill had since the 1930s been extolling Macmillan’s courage.

(A) Harold Macmillan’s rise to the position of Prime Minister in 1957 surprised many

(B) Harold Macmillan’s rise in 1957 to the position of Prime Minister surprised many

(C) Harold Macmillan’s becoming Prime Minister in 1957 surprised many

(D) Harold Macmillan surprised many by rising to the position of Prime Minister in 1957

(E) the position of Prime Minister attained by Harold Macmillan in 1957 surprised many

106). A special Japanese green tea called genmai-cha contains brown rice and is considered as a delicacy fit for a gourmet by most Japanese, though it is virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.

(A) A special Japanese green tea called genmai-cha contains brown rice and is considered as a delicacy fit for a gourmet by most Japanese, though it is virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.

(B) Considered to be a delicacy fit for a gourmet by most Japanese, genmai-cha is a special green tea that contains brown rice, virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.

(C) A special Japanese green tea called genmai-cha contains brown rice and is considered a gourmet delicacy by most Japanese, though it is virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.

(D) Most Japanese consider genmai-cha, a special green tea which contains brown rice, as a delicacy virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.

(E) Though virtually unavailable outside Yokohama, most Japanese consider genmai-cha, a special green tea that contains brown rice, a gourmet delicacy.

107). A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than


(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do

(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do

(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than

108). A substance derived from the Madagascar periwinkle, which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients, is cultivated in China as part of a program to integrate traditional herbal medicine into a contemporary system of health care.

(A) A substance derived from the Madagascar periwinkle, which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients,

(B) A derivative, which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients, of the Madagascar periwinkle,

(C) A Madagascar periwinkle derivative, which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients,

(D) The Madagascar periwinkle has a derivative which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients, that

(E) The Madagascar periwinkle, a derivative of which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients,

Answers:

105). OA - D - A shy, religious-minded publisher who had married a duke’s daughter (noun phrase) rightly modifies Harold Macmillan.

A, B, C, E - incorrect - misplaced modifier error.

106). OA - C - consider + noun is the correct idiom

A - incorrect - "consider as" unidiomatic

B - incorrect - "consider to be" unidiomatic

D - incorrect - wrongly suggests that brown rice is the delicacy

E - incorrect - dangling modifier problem "Though virtually unavailable outside Yokohama, most Japanese"

107). OA - E - only choice maintaining parallelism - A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than those raised in confinement. ----- excercise...associate....require

108) OA - E -

A - incorrect - suggests wrongly that the substance is cultivated

B, C, D - incorrect - suggests wrongly that the derivative is cultivated -- derivative cannot be cultivated.

Thursday, May 03, 2007

SC's Question number - 895 , 896

895). Unlike most warbler species, the male and female blue-winged warbler are very difficult to tell apart .

(A) Unlike most warbler species, the male and female blue-winged warbler are very difficult to tell apart.


(B) Unlike most warbler species, the gender of the blue-winged warbler is very difficult to distinguish.

(C) Unlike those in most warbler species, the male and female blue-winged warblers are very difficult to distinguish.

(D) It is very difficult, unlike in most warbler species, to tell the male and female blue-winged warbler apart.

(E) Blue-winged warblers are unlike most species of warbler in that it is very difficult to tell the male and female apart.


896). Unlike other arachnids, which have their nerve cells evenly distributed along their bodies, the scorpion's nerve cells are clustered in its head, like a mammal's .

(A) bodies, the scorpion's nerve cells are clustered in its head, like a mammal's

(B) bodies, the scorpion's head had a cluster of nerve cells, as a mammal does

(C) body, the scorpion has a cluster of nerve cells in its head, as a mammal does

(D) body, nerve cells are clustered in the scorpion's head, like a mammal's

(E) body, a cluster of nerve cells is in the scorpion's head, like a mammal's


Answers:

895). OA - E.


A - incorrect - compares blue-winged warbler to other warbler species

B - incorrect - compares most warbler species to the gender of the blue-winged warbler

C - incorrect - antecedent of those not clear - Further correct idioms are distinguish X from Y
distinguish between X and Y
tell X and Y apart

D - incorrect - modifier error - unlike in most warbler species incorrectly modifies difficult

896). OA - C

A, B, D, E - incorrect - compares arachnids to scorpion's head/the scorpion's body


SC's Question number - 897 , 898

897). Unlike Schoenberg's twelve-tone system that dominated the music of the postwar period, Bartok founded no school and left behind only a handful of disciples.

(A) Schoenberg's twelve-tone system that dominated

(B) Schoenberg and his twelve-tone system which dominated

(C) Schoenberg, whose twelve-tone system dominated

(D) the twelve-tone system of Schoenberg that has dominated

(E) Schoenberg and the twelve-tone system, dominating

898). Unlike that of human beings, who waste away when they go without food for long periods, hibernating bears exist for months on only their excess fat.

(A) Unlike that of human beings, who waste away when they go

(B) Unlike human beings, who waste away when they go

(C) Unlike human beings, wasting away when going

(D) Dissimilar to human beings, wasting away when

(E) Lacking similarity to human beings, who waste away when



Answers:

897). OA - C - right comparison - between Schoenberg and Bartok

A, B, D, E - incorrect - wrongly compares Bartok to the twelve - tone system


898). OA - B - right comparison between human beings and hibernating bears.

A, D, E - incorrect - wrong comparison

C - incorrect - violating parallelism - ...... wasting away .....exist for months

Wednesday, May 02, 2007

SC's Question number - 899 , 900

899). Unlike that of the Native Americans of British Columbia, the Plains, and Southwest, those the of Puget Sound lived in relatively small, autonomous villages.

(A) Unlike that of

(B) Unlike those of

(C) Unlike

(D) In contrast to that of

(E) Dissimilar to


900). Unlike the acid smoke of cigarettes, pipe tobacco, cured by age-old methods, yields an alkaline smoke too irritating to be drawn into the lungs.

(A) Unlike the acid smoke of cigarettes, pipe tobacco, cured by age-old methods, yields an alkaline smoke

(B) Unlike the acid smoke of cigarettes, pipe tobacco is cured by age-old methods, yielding an alkaline smoke

(C) Unlike cigarette tobacco, which yields an acid smoke, pipe tobacco, cured by age-old methods, yields an alkaline smoke

(D) Differing from cigarettes' acid smoke, pipe tobacco's alkaline smoke, cured by age-old methods, is

(E) The alkaline smoke of pipe tobacco differs from cigarettes' acid smoke in that it is cured by age-old methods and is

Answers:

899). OA - C - those is refering to Native Americans - Unlike the Native Americans of British Columbia, the Plains, and the Southwest, the Native Americans of Puget Sound lived in relatively small, autonomous villages.

A, B, D, E - incorrect - wrong comparison - between village and people

900). OA - C

A, B - incorrect - comparing smoke with tobacco

D, E - incorrect - wrongly suggests that the smoke is cured